Clinical input: staging
Close collaboration between surgeon and pathologist is essential. The use of a clinicopathological staging system requires that the surgeon make the operative findings known to the pathologist. This is facilitated by completion of a convenient proforma for conveying this information to the pathologist as shown in Figure 8.1. Should this information be unavailable to the pathologist, the report should indicate that the stage has been assigned on the assumption that there were no known distant metastases present at the time of the resection.